Yes! There are several options of testing when a father is not willing to test, is missing or deceased. Such test options are below:
- DNA testing with Medical Examiner
- DNA testing with a sibling
- DNA testing with the grand parents
- DNA testing with an Uncle or Aunt
- DNA testing with two (2) paternal direct relatives (called a reconstruction DNA study)
- DNA Testing with unusual samples such as, Toothbrush, hair, ear wax, nail clippings, and more…
First option, we can test samples that may contain the DNA of the person who is missing or not willing to test with DNA left behind of the person who the father who missing or not willing to test. DNA testing can be performed with a toothbrush, hair, ear wax, condom, nail clippings, dental floss and more. These samples are called unusual samples. This test is performed in two (2) parts. First, the unusual sample and then the actual DNA test to determine paternity. We will first have to test the unusual sample you obtained to make sure it contains sufficient DNA markers in order to perform the actual test needed. Without sufficient DNA markers, the test cannot be performed. We will need a minimum of 16 markers for the unusual sample to be tested against the known sample collected at our office or mouth swabs you collected on your own or you may bring another unusual sample for each person.
DNA testing with a deceased father: The best way to test a father who is deceased will be a viability study on a sample taken from the deceased by a Medical Examiner or Pathologist. If the deceased had an autopsy performed by the medical examiner, a sample will be preserved at the medical examiner’s office. This sample can be requested by the next of kin of the deceased. Please check with the medical examiner’s office to find out if DNA was preserved for the deceased. If there is usable DNA obtained from the medical examiner’s office from the deceased, we will be able to perform a paternity test. Please call to get more details about obtaining DNA from the medical examiner’s office as each county has different rules and regulations in obtaining such samples.
Additionally, another option is that the body of the deceased father can be exhumed from the cemetery. Although this method is the most expensive, it is best to obtain DNA directly from the deceased. We do work with funeral homes along with a dedicated pathologist to obtain DNA from the deceased. Whether it is obtained before the burial of the deceased father or disinterring the body, DNA testing to determine paternity can be done this way.
If there is no a way to get a sample from the deceased through the medical examiner’s office or exhuming the decease is just not possible, there are alternative testing options that can be performed through surviving family members called family relationship DNA testing.
Second best to a paternity test is a grand parentage DNA test performed with both paternal biological parents of the missing father and the mother of the child. This test option will require the participation of both paternal grandparents and the mother of the child to be as conclusive as a paternity test. It can also be performed without the mother, however the percentage of likelihood may be lower. The results of this test will only show the likelihood of the relationship of the child with the grandparent/s. If there is only one grandparent available, the test can be performed as well but the likelihood of relationship can be lessened. The more tested parties to the test, the higher the likelihood percentage of relationship. In such case where there is only on grandparent, we encourage the mother to be tested since she provides 50% of her DNA to the child. Each grandparent, depending on the shared markers, comprises 25% of their DNA that was given to the missing father making up the other 50% missing information that a father gives to his child. That is why the grandparent DNA test is best when you include both paternal grandparents and the mother of the child.
We can also perform DNA testing with the siblings of the deceased as well as with known siblings to the child. Please call to discuss your specific situation with one of our experts so that we may help you determine which test option is best for your specific situation.